Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT)

Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT)

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Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :

Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) is basically conducted for those who want to become a pilot. It is conducted to check whether the candidate posses the aptitude needed for a pilot. 

This is a compulsory test that the candidates should undergo if they have to become pilots. 

PABT is conducted by any one of the Air Force Selection Boards. If we see the historical procedure of recruitment to the army, PABT was not conducted but due to the crashes that happened frequently, this made the realization that military pilot should have the presence of mind and should be capable of withstanding mental and physical strains at the odd time, thus, Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) emerged. 

Following points should be kept in mind while at Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT)  :

  • How attentively you listen to a session and how you answer the simple questions that follow?
  • What amount of focus you have in attempting questions correctly while keeping the wrong ones as low as possible?
  • Do you have a keen interest in knowing about an aircraft? 

WAY OF CONDUCTING Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :

The test is conducted in three levels…

  1. Written Test 
  2. The Light Control Test 
  3. Drum Test 

1. Written Test :

The Written test part consists of two parts 

  1. Apparatus Reading Test 
  2. Plane Position Test 
I. Apparatus Reading Test :

In this test , Six measuring instruments of an aeroplane are shown and explained to the candidates. 

Following are the measuring instruments :

  • Magnetic Compass :

It is an instrument used to show directions of the flight in relation to the magnetic North. It has 8 directions i.e. North, East. South, West, North-East, North-West, South-East and South-West. Altimeter It is used to show the altitude (height from the ground) of the aircraft. 

  • Artificial Horizon 

It is used to create an artificial horizon during clouds/fog/ nights when natural horizon is not visible to the pilot. It is used to help the aircraft to maintain correct posture for climbing, turning and descending. 

  • Air Speed Indicator :

It is used to indicate the speed of the aircraft. 

  • Climb and Descent Indicator (Vertical Speedometer) :

This instrument indicates and shows the rate of ascent/descent of the aircraft.

Turn Indicator This instrument shows the right or left turn of an aircraft and whether the turn is being executed properly. 

These instruments are explained in complete detail containing each and every point needed for qualifying the test successfully. 

Hence, the candidates should listen to the officer with an attentive mind and understand every detail that is given. 

Avoid to pose any silly questions and also try your level best to clarify whatever doubt you have, whenever the officer asks you. 

II. Plane Position Test :

In this test, the candidates are explained about the various positions in which the plane travels and the regions of the plane that are visible from the front when it is travelling in these positions. 

The positions are as follow :

  • East-West-North-South-North-West-North-East-South-West and South-East. 
  • Climbing up (elevating), Descending (moving down). 

The different parts of the plane that help in identification are as follow : 

  • Top
  • T (at the tail) 
  • Nose (painted white) 
  • Belly 
  • Wings 
  • Black dot (tail) 

Machine Test :

This test aims at judging the reflexive capabilities of a candidate in response to the external stimuli. 

In this test, the locomotive and sensory abilities of the candidates are put to examination; both the tests are conducted to note down the eye-ear-hand-feet coordination of the candidate. 

Thus, candidate can score well, can grasp the maximum in the shortest time and also apply the same within the short time duration. 

In each test, the candidate is given three chances to come up with good scores. 

The best score is counted of all the three. Each turn is of 90 seconds in test 1 and 60 seconds in test 2. 

2. Light Control Test :

In this test, the candidate is made to sit in front of a CRT monitor. 

The cathode ray tube is a vacuum tube containing one or more electron guns and a fluorescent screen used to view images. 

In this test, a spot of light (ball) is to be maintained in the center of two concentric squares. 

The spot of light, if left, moves across randomly all over the screen. Also, there are two lights, yellow and red which come up in the top left and top right corners of the screen intermittently. 

The candidate is asked to fly along the chartered path keeping the light which represents the aircraft on the monitor, on the chartered path. 

The devices needed to control the spot are as follow :
  • Hand Operated Stick This stick controls the movement of the stick in up and down direction. It is of the shape of the gear-changer in cars. 
  • Foot Pedals The operation of the pedals moves the spot of light (ball) to right or left. 
  • Light Lever A hand lever is provided which when moved forward puts off the red light and when backward puts off yellow light. 
  • Beep Button A button on the top of the stick is used for putting off the beep sound in the headphones. 

3. Control Velocity Test or Drum Test :

In this test, control motor skills of the candidate are tested. In this test, a spot of light (red) is to be superimposed on a series of yellow lights running on the screen from top to bottom. 

Whenever there is a successful superimposing, there is a small beep in the headphone. 

The more times you succeed in superimposing the red ball on the yellow balls, the more points you get. 

In this test, candidates are required to maintain flight under normal and also in turbulent weather conditions like when the velocity of the wind disturbs the flight trajectory and even if the wind causes the flight to lose height suddenly. 

Thus, these tests are conducted to know the aptitude of the candidates in controlling the flight at different weather conditions. 


SRT In SSB Interview

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What is SRT in SSB Interview :

SRT stands for Situation Reaction Test.  SRT in SSB Interview is conducted on Day-2, Stage-2 of SSB interviews. It is the third test in the series of ‘Psychological tests’. 

It is important to know the fact that SRT is conducted immediately after the WAT. There is a gap of 10 minutes only between these two tests. 


The phrase SRT is self-explanatory. It means, in this test as the name itself suggests, certain situations are described where the candidate is asked to respond to the situation explained. 

Situations that are explained or described to the candidates are usually related with day to day real-life situations. 

The unknown situations are not usually asked to respond. Example You are in a hurry to attend an interview while walking to reach the place you see an injured person on the road. 

You Reaction Take an auto to go to the hospital and admit the injured person in the hospital, inform his family and will take that auto to reach the interview on time. 

Complete Action You admitted the injured person and then attended the interview. 


We understood that SRT in SSB Interview is the test related to a set of situations and reactions. Thus, when the candidate responds to the given situation, his personality is revealed. 

All situations denote the daily life incidents that one has to face generally. 

In other words, the way the response comes from a candidate shows his common sense, time sense, reasoning ability, maturity, and empathy. 

The major quality assessed is the decision-making capability of the candidate in the given situation; good decision-making is an important trait and attributes to a perfect personality. 

Now, let us know the procedure of the conducting SRT In SSB Interview. 


1. SRT consists of 60 routine life situations regarding day to day situations. 

2. All the 60 day to day situations/activities are printed in a booklet which is distributed to the candidates before the test commences. 

3. The candidates are asked to write his reaction by completing the sentences, as to how they would feel, think and act in these situations. 

4. The responses are supposed to be written in a separate answer sheet provided by the SSB for the same purpose. 

5. Total of 30 minutes are allotted to write the responses for 60 situations, i.e. around 30 seconds are available for every situation. This is all about the way the SRT is conducted. 

See, the below-given tips to successfully clear this stage of SRT. 

Tips to clear the SRT In SSB Interview :

Tips to Attempt SRT in SSB Interview, Following points are very useful in clearing all the 60 situations easily within 30 minutes 

• Practising lot and with a focus is the foremost essence of this test. 

• When you see the situation on the paper. Write whatever comes to mind, but which makes sense. 

• Do not make a long explanation because it is time-consuming, remember you have only 30 seconds per situation. 

• Giving a positive and meaningful reaction is very important. 

• Though uncommon situations are presented, try to make a meaningful conclusion/reaction because it reveals you are capable of handling any situation. 

• If you find that a situation is repeated in another form then give the reaction differently but see it is not contradictory to the previous reaction. 

• Do not make an irresponsible reaction, in other words, do not merely react to the situation. Let your reaction be filled with responsibility. 

• Do not make the sentence incomplete at the same time the sentence preferably should be short to manage time. 

In the consecutive pages, some of the Situations and their probable Reasons have been given. 

The students are required to analyze these situations carefully and then go to their reasons; candidate can make their own reasons also as per the situation is given. 

ssb interview group discussion

SSB Interview Group Discussion

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SSB Interview Group Discussion :

SSB interview Group Discussion comes in group tests, 3rd day. GD is the first test of the GTO series. 

In this test, two topics of common interest: social issues and current events are discussed. It is an informal discussion and not a debate•

Each topic is allotted for 20 minutes for each candidate. No definite conclusion is required to be deduced. 

OBJECTIVES OF SSB Interview Group Discussion : 

The SSB interview Group Discussion is conducted to know the candidate’s knowledge of current affairs, history, and social awareness as well as his/her grouping skills like :

  • Group coordination
  • Listening power
  • Concentration
  • Communication
  • Speaking skills
  • Body language
  • Patience, etc. 

The core of the GTO is knowledge and communication skills which can be achieved by practicing well.

Following qualities are seen by GTO  :

  • Candidate’s awareness of the current topics that are covered by the newspapers.
  • Candidate’s ability to logically organize the knowledge he has, regarding current events.
  • The way candidate interacts with others i.e. how impressively he can talk and influence others in the group.
  • It is seen that whether the candidate is having the confidence to face the group by bouncing back with better points if he is countered by others. 

IMPORTANCE OF SSB Interview Group Discussion TEST :

Verbal and intellectual communication is the key factor in selection. An expression is an important requirement, whether administered, visually, orally, written or practical.

So, through group discussion, candidates get a chance to show their communication skills.

In the armed forces, effective communication skill is very important as you have to live in the company of equals, superiors or subordinates, you do not live in isolation.

You have to show teamwork, sense of responsibility, cooperation every time so, it is very important to test the individual behavior on these scales. 

WAY OF CONDUCTING SSB Interview Group Discussion : 

The Group Discussion is conducted in two rounds. The candidates are made to sit in a circle according to their chest numbers. 

Generally, the GTO asks the candidates to introduce themselves before the GD begins, this happens especially in AFSB’s, he asks you to cover your name, family occupation, your hobbies/interests, your marks up to graduation, so be prepared for such an introduction.

Highlights of the GD are 
  • In the first round, the GTO gives two topics to the group. 
  • Group has to choose one topic of their choice and report to the GTO. 
  • Then GTO reads out loudly so that everyone in the group becomes aware and clear about the topic of discussion. 
  • Then 20 minutes is given to preparation. 
  • Thus, in the first round, the topic of the current event covered by the newspaper is given. 
  • In the second round, the GTO gives the topic of social importance, again 20 minutes is given for preparation. 
  • When the first discussion ends, the group has to carry out a discussion of about the same duration. There is no choice in the second round, but select the topic given by GTO. 

Guidelines to Attempts SSB Interview Group Discussion :

  • Prepare for the topics from newspapers; have the habit of reading newspapers. 
  • Be aware of the current events and equally about social topics. 
  • Initiate the discussion, if you could not start first, at least join the discussion as early as possible. 
  • Be humble when you are asserting your point and feel it is valid and also do not get discouraged by the opposite view that gets for your point… 
  • Be gracious to accept if your point is proved not valid, but ready with a better point.
  • Avoid generalizing the views and keep logical and real reasons for your argument… 
  • Never in any chance join hands with one candidate and start backing up each other, a real leader considers everybody equal hence give everybody a fair chance. 
  • Give chance to others also who are not able to talk much. 
  • Maintain good posture while sitting and also have good body language. 
  • Communication skills like pausing, eye contact, etc must be well maintained. 
  • Do not be argumentative or exited and get up from the chair. The GTO explicitly mentions that you do not have to conclude the discussion, hence do not overrule his wish by trying to conclude the discussion… 
  • Just be calm and think like you are discussing something with your friends. 
  • Do not look at the GTO, speak confidently and maintain an audible and nice voice level, not too loud. 
Picture Perception and Discussion Test

Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT)

Posted Leave a commentPosted in CBSE Board, ICSE Board, Other Board, SSB Interview, UP Board

Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :

In SSB Interviews, Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) are conducted on day-1 and it is the second objective of Stage-I tests. 

As we know the first test is the intelligence test which involves Verbal and Non-verbal tests. These tests are geared to know more about the personality of the candidate in various shades. 

Let us keenly know and understand the ins and outs of the procedure involved in Picture Perception and Discussion Test.

 MEANING OF Picture Perception and Discussion Test : 

PP and DT as we already know mean Picture Perception and Discussion Test. In other words, it is to see a picture, understand it and describe it.

Thus, SSB shows a picture for 30 seconds and gives 1 minute to write down the details of the picture. 

Depending on the picture, candidates are supposed to write a story of their own within a given time. This is the outline of the meaning of PP & DT. 

• PP & DT are screening tests which are almost an elimination test of the candidates. This is conducted to know the candidate’s imagination power and description ability in a limited time. 

• After the candidates are settled, the psychologist who is present there gives the instruction about PP & DT and tells what candidates should do exactly. 

• The picture is displayed on the screen, for 30 seconds. The candidate gets 1 minute to note down the details of the picture and 4 minutes are given to write a story on the shown picture when the screen goes off. 

Picture Perception :

The following points are given to understand what is picture perception 

  1. In PP & DT, for the purpose of perception, the candidates will be shown a hazy (blurred) picture. The picture is deliberately blurred. 
  2. The picture is displayed for 30 seconds only through a video projector and a screen. 
  3. The picture may consist of more than one character, so in the given time of 30 seconds, the candidates should find how many characters are there and what is their age, sex, and mood. 
  4. In the next step the screen goes off and the assessor gives the candidates 1 minute to jot down the details of the picture in a sheet provided for the purpose. 
  5. All the details related to sex, gender, age, mood, etc of the characters in the picture have to be marked inside the box printed on the sheet provided for the purpose. 
  6. In the next step, the candidate gets 4 minutes to write a story using the details jotted down and keeping the picture in the mind. The story should be written on the sheet provided for the same purpose. The type is given below 
  • Mood positive (+)
  • Character helping
  • Age 22
  • Sex M 

Thus, to get a clear glance we can summarise in few words that in Picture Perception and Discussion Test, there is a picture display for 30 seconds and the candidate is allowed to jot down, the details in 1 minute and 4 minutes are given to write a story about. 

These points should be kept in mind for PP & DT test. 

After picture shown and writing of the story, the next step involved in the discussion of the picture. This part is most important as it involves two crucial levels of tests.

  1. Individual narration 
  2. Group discussion 

Individual Narration 

After the step of story writing is finished, the candidates will be divided into a group of 12-14 members. They are made to sit in a semi-circular way. 

An assessor is also present. Here, the candidate gets a chance to revise the story before narration starts individually. 

The narration takes place in the following way 
  1. Inside the discussion room, the PP & DT sheets are given back to look into the story. When the discussion begins each candidate is required to narrate his story individually. 
  2. Assessor gives sufficient information regarding whether the candidate is required to tell the details seen in the picture or he has to straightaway narrate the story. So, it is very essential to listen carefully to the information. 
  3. Candidate with the least chest number starts narrating his/her story; once the narration is finished, the next candidate starts the narration. This continues until the last candidate. 
  4. Once the narration starts, the assessor will not interrupt the candidates. On the other hand, candidates are also not allowed to talk to assessors. 
  5. The language allowed to narrate the story in English and if the candidate gets stuck in between, he can use Hindi, but it is very crucial to switch back to English as soon as possible. 
  6. The candidate should finish the story within ’40-60′ seconds. So, it is advisable to keep the story very short as well as logical. 

As soon as the last candidate finishes his individual narration of the story, the ‘Group Discussion’ starts. 

Group Discussion :

We came to know that group discussion starts immediately after the last candidate finishes his individual narration. 

At the discussion, candidates are made to sit as shown in the figure where there is a GTO, 10 and also a psychologist present i.e. 

Group discussion takes place in the following way 

  1. Group discussion begins among the group members. 
  2. The assessor does not interrupt while the discussion is going on. 
  3. In the group of 6 to 7 candidates, all of them start speaking at the same time trying to convince each other. 
  4. It is the motto of the group discussion to make a common story out of the picture that was shown. 
  5. If the group becomes inconclusive, the assessor further divides the group into two and further discussion is allowed. 
  6. The group gets 5 to 10 minutes to discuss and one candidate is selected from the group members to narrate a common story. After which the discussion ends and candidates wait for the results. 

Mistakes Normally Done

Generally, candidates do not observe the picture minutely and do omit many things from the picture. This should be avoided and one should include even captions if any One may add anything in the scene to support one’s story. 

  • Due to pressure and nervousness, some students fail to even write a single word. To avoid this, candidates must practice the art of writing a descriptive essay.
  • Take any topic and start writing then you will find, no difficulty in writing short but meaningful stories… 
  • Due to a lack of confidence and poor power of expression, some candidates narrate their story but are not able to take part in the discussion.
  • To get considered you must have to take part in the discussion. To overcome that fear you have to practice with a friend or in front of a mirror. 
  • Some candidates try to monopolize the discussion to gain some extra point but this is not going to help you. So, avoid dominating the discussion. 
  • To narrate their story some candidates cross the stipulated time. Normally, you should finish the narration within 60 to 90 seconds. 

Tips to Screen in the Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :

Following tips are helpful to get screened in. At the level of PPDT. .

  • As you came to know that you are shown a hazy picture for 30 seconds, try to observe the picture with full concentration and use those 30 seconds carefully and effectively. 
  • Create a hero/heroine from the characters seen in the picture and make him/her the `-/main central character of the story to build… ./The hero of your story should overcome a problem to create some problematic situation in the story and you should do it logically and keep the story compact… 
  • While in the individual narration, keep the story short and meaningful and clear from inconclusiveness, so that it covers the past, present and future aspects of the story. 
  • During the discussion process, all of them start narrating their stories and try to convince one another, so there is more chaos inside the group. So, you should try to be more calm and matured and have a good convincing as well as communicating skill. 
  • For all the above purpose the only best way out is to practice. So, practice writing stories by keeping blurred pictures in front of you and at the same time manage the time properly. 

The above tips will certainly help you to pass PP & DT successfully and get selected into the next stage. 

All the best for Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT)
SSB Interview 5th Day Procedure

SSB Interview 5th Day Procedure

Posted Leave a commentPosted in SSB Interview

Overview :

SSB interview candidates can find here the detailed SSB interview 5th day procedure and detailed information about Psychological tests, Personal interview and GTO tasks here. 

Here we are going to discuss the last day of SSB Interview which helds on 5th day and also known as Conference Day.

Many candidates are freshers, they are not aware of SSB interview procedure, this leads to problems during SSB  interview. 

They never know the do and don’t of SSB interview, they do not know about the necessary documents required during interview process. 

Lets talk about SSB interview 5th Day procedure and the various sources which can help you and prepare you before you go for your first attempt

SSB Interview 5th Day Procedure (Conference Day) :

Conference that is held on the final day of your stay in SSB is an event in which generally 10 to 12 members are present which include the President, the Vice-President, all the GT0s, technical officer and psychologist and you will be there with them. 
All the officers are present in their full uniform and the environment of the conference is very formal. 
They asked you some questions which is very general in nature. Before the conference, you will be briefed about the procedure of it. 


The basic objective of the conference is to reach on a consensus about particular candidates. It may be possible that some assessor cleared you and some did not. 
In that case, some situation based questions asked to you which are related to that test or quality in which you are lacking. 
So, they discuss your positive points as well as your weaknesses and finally reach on a consensus. 
Every candidate’s performance is discussed before his arrival to conference room. 


Following are the steps which candidates have to follow :
  1.  First, all the candidates go and wait in the waiting room outside the conference room. 
  2. Each candidate is called into the conference room one by one. 
  3. In the conference room, there is a single chair placed at the opposite end of the front table. 
  4. You will be required to sit on this chair in full view of everyone. 
  5. Generally, the person who interviewed you, speak to you. 
  6. Conference is a process of not more than 5 to 10 minutes. 
  7. They will ask you some questions which are very general in nature. .

Important Points to be Kept in Mind :

  • Reach to conference venue before time. Have breakfast before going there. . On the Conference Day, wear a clean and well ironed formal dress. 
  • Shave properly and comb your hair well. . 
  • When your turn comes, go and knock the door, enter with confidence and sit after permission. . 
  • Wish all the members of the board immediately after your entry. 
  • It is obvious for you to feel little nervous but do not lose your confidence. 
  • In case, it goes on longer don’t show panic signs. 
  • Always keep a smiling face and look straight into the eyes of the person who is speaking to you. . 
  • Answer all the questions very gently and try to avoid any contradiction in your answers. . Do not complain about anything. . 
  • Do not ask any question from your side. . 
  • Do not commit any untoward activity to attract their attention. . Be composed and cool. Do not shake your legs. . 
  • While leaving, wish everyone ‘Good Day’. 


After the conference, you will go for lunch and will come back with your bags packed.

You all will be gathered in a room. Technical officer will thank you for coming there and being very gentle and will say if you can’t make this time, do come next time.

After that, the chest number of the successful candidates will be announced. Those who are selected stay there for the medical examinations which last for 3 to 5 days.

And rest will be asked to board the bus which will drop them to the railway station.

So, It was the detailed overview of SSB Interview 5th day procedure. I hope, you will have find this post useful.

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