Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :
In SSB Interviews, Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) are conducted on day-1 and it is the second objective of Stage-I tests.
As we know the first test is the intelligence test which involves Verbal and Non-verbal tests. These tests are geared to know more about the personality of the candidate in various shades.
Let us keenly know and understand the ins and outs of the procedure involved in Picture Perception and Discussion Test.
MEANING OF Picture Perception and Discussion Test :
PP and DT as we already know mean Picture Perception and Discussion Test. In other words, it is to see a picture, understand it and describe it.
Thus, SSB shows a picture for 30 seconds and gives 1 minute to write down the details of the picture.
Depending on the picture, candidates are supposed to write a story of their own within a given time. This is the outline of the meaning of PP & DT.
• PP & DT are screening tests which are almost an elimination test of the candidates. This is conducted to know the candidate’s imagination power and description ability in a limited time.
• After the candidates are settled, the psychologist who is present there gives the instruction about PP & DT and tells what candidates should do exactly.
• The picture is displayed on the screen, for 30 seconds. The candidate gets 1 minute to note down the details of the picture and 4 minutes are given to write a story on the shown picture when the screen goes off.
Picture Perception :
The following points are given to understand what is picture perception
- In PP & DT, for the purpose of perception, the candidates will be shown a hazy (blurred) picture. The picture is deliberately blurred.
- The picture is displayed for 30 seconds only through a video projector and a screen.
- The picture may consist of more than one character, so in the given time of 30 seconds, the candidates should find how many characters are there and what is their age, sex, and mood.
- In the next step the screen goes off and the assessor gives the candidates 1 minute to jot down the details of the picture in a sheet provided for the purpose.
- All the details related to sex, gender, age, mood, etc of the characters in the picture have to be marked inside the box printed on the sheet provided for the purpose.
- In the next step, the candidate gets 4 minutes to write a story using the details jotted down and keeping the picture in the mind. The story should be written on the sheet provided for the same purpose. The type is given below
- Mood positive (+)
- Character helping
- Age 22
- Sex M
Thus, to get a clear glance we can summarise in few words that in Picture Perception and Discussion Test, there is a picture display for 30 seconds and the candidate is allowed to jot down, the details in 1 minute and 4 minutes are given to write a story about.
These points should be kept in mind for PP & DT test.
After picture shown and writing of the story, the next step involved in the discussion of the picture. This part is most important as it involves two crucial levels of tests.
- Individual narration
- Group discussion
After the step of story writing is finished, the candidates will be divided into a group of 12-14 members. They are made to sit in a semi-circular way.
An assessor is also present. Here, the candidate gets a chance to revise the story before narration starts individually.
The narration takes place in the following way
- Inside the discussion room, the PP & DT sheets are given back to look into the story. When the discussion begins each candidate is required to narrate his story individually.
- Assessor gives sufficient information regarding whether the candidate is required to tell the details seen in the picture or he has to straightaway narrate the story. So, it is very essential to listen carefully to the information.
- Candidate with the least chest number starts narrating his/her story; once the narration is finished, the next candidate starts the narration. This continues until the last candidate.
- Once the narration starts, the assessor will not interrupt the candidates. On the other hand, candidates are also not allowed to talk to assessors.
- The language allowed to narrate the story in English and if the candidate gets stuck in between, he can use Hindi, but it is very crucial to switch back to English as soon as possible.
- The candidate should finish the story within ’40-60′ seconds. So, it is advisable to keep the story very short as well as logical.
As soon as the last candidate finishes his individual narration of the story, the ‘Group Discussion’ starts.
Group Discussion :
We came to know that group discussion starts immediately after the last candidate finishes his individual narration.
At the discussion, candidates are made to sit as shown in the figure where there is a GTO, 10 and also a psychologist present i.e.
Group discussion takes place in the following way
- Group discussion begins among the group members.
- The assessor does not interrupt while the discussion is going on.
- In the group of 6 to 7 candidates, all of them start speaking at the same time trying to convince each other.
- It is the motto of the group discussion to make a common story out of the picture that was shown.
- If the group becomes inconclusive, the assessor further divides the group into two and further discussion is allowed.
- The group gets 5 to 10 minutes to discuss and one candidate is selected from the group members to narrate a common story. After which the discussion ends and candidates wait for the results.
Mistakes Normally Done
Generally, candidates do not observe the picture minutely and do omit many things from the picture. This should be avoided and one should include even captions if any One may add anything in the scene to support one’s story.
- Due to pressure and nervousness, some students fail to even write a single word. To avoid this, candidates must practice the art of writing a descriptive essay.
- Take any topic and start writing then you will find, no difficulty in writing short but meaningful stories…
- Due to a lack of confidence and poor power of expression, some candidates narrate their story but are not able to take part in the discussion.
- To get considered you must have to take part in the discussion. To overcome that fear you have to practice with a friend or in front of a mirror.
- Some candidates try to monopolize the discussion to gain some extra point but this is not going to help you. So, avoid dominating the discussion.
- To narrate their story some candidates cross the stipulated time. Normally, you should finish the narration within 60 to 90 seconds.
Tips to Screen in the Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :
Following tips are helpful to get screened in. At the level of PPDT. .
- As you came to know that you are shown a hazy picture for 30 seconds, try to observe the picture with full concentration and use those 30 seconds carefully and effectively.
- Create a hero/heroine from the characters seen in the picture and make him/her the `-/main central character of the story to build… ./The hero of your story should overcome a problem to create some problematic situation in the story and you should do it logically and keep the story compact…
- While in the individual narration, keep the story short and meaningful and clear from inconclusiveness, so that it covers the past, present and future aspects of the story.
- During the discussion process, all of them start narrating their stories and try to convince one another, so there is more chaos inside the group. So, you should try to be more calm and matured and have a good convincing as well as communicating skill.
- For all the above purpose the only best way out is to practice. So, practice writing stories by keeping blurred pictures in front of you and at the same time manage the time properly.
The above tips will certainly help you to pass PP & DT successfully and get selected into the next stage.