Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :
Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) is basically conducted for those who want to become a pilot. It is conducted to check whether the candidate posses the aptitude needed for a pilot.
This is a compulsory test that the candidates should undergo if they have to become pilots.
PABT is conducted by any one of the Air Force Selection Boards. If we see the historical procedure of recruitment to the army, PABT was not conducted but due to the crashes that happened frequently, this made the realization that military pilot should have the presence of mind and should be capable of withstanding mental and physical strains at the odd time, thus, Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) emerged.
Following points should be kept in mind while at Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :
- How attentively you listen to a session and how you answer the simple questions that follow?
- What amount of focus you have in attempting questions correctly while keeping the wrong ones as low as possible?
- Do you have a keen interest in knowing about an aircraft?
WAY OF CONDUCTING Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :
The test is conducted in three levels…
- Written Test
- The Light Control Test
- Drum Test
1. Written Test :
The Written test part consists of two parts
- Apparatus Reading Test
- Plane Position Test
I. Apparatus Reading Test :
In this test , Six measuring instruments of an aeroplane are shown and explained to the candidates.
Following are the measuring instruments :
- Magnetic Compass :
It is an instrument used to show directions of the flight in relation to the magnetic North. It has 8 directions i.e. North, East. South, West, North-East, North-West, South-East and South-West. Altimeter It is used to show the altitude (height from the ground) of the aircraft.
- Artificial Horizon
It is used to create an artificial horizon during clouds/fog/ nights when natural horizon is not visible to the pilot. It is used to help the aircraft to maintain correct posture for climbing, turning and descending.
- Air Speed Indicator :
It is used to indicate the speed of the aircraft.
- Climb and Descent Indicator (Vertical Speedometer) :
This instrument indicates and shows the rate of ascent/descent of the aircraft.
Turn Indicator This instrument shows the right or left turn of an aircraft and whether the turn is being executed properly.
These instruments are explained in complete detail containing each and every point needed for qualifying the test successfully.
Hence, the candidates should listen to the officer with an attentive mind and understand every detail that is given.
Avoid to pose any silly questions and also try your level best to clarify whatever doubt you have, whenever the officer asks you.
II. Plane Position Test :
In this test, the candidates are explained about the various positions in which the plane travels and the regions of the plane that are visible from the front when it is travelling in these positions.
The positions are as follow :
- East-West-North-South-North-West-North-East-South-West and South-East.
- Climbing up (elevating), Descending (moving down).
The different parts of the plane that help in identification are as follow :
- T (at the tail)
- Nose (painted white)
- Black dot (tail)
Machine Test :
This test aims at judging the reflexive capabilities of a candidate in response to the external stimuli.
In this test, the locomotive and sensory abilities of the candidates are put to examination; both the tests are conducted to note down the eye-ear-hand-feet coordination of the candidate.
Thus, candidate can score well, can grasp the maximum in the shortest time and also apply the same within the short time duration.
In each test, the candidate is given three chances to come up with good scores.
The best score is counted of all the three. Each turn is of 90 seconds in test 1 and 60 seconds in test 2.
2. Light Control Test :
In this test, the candidate is made to sit in front of a CRT monitor.
The cathode ray tube is a vacuum tube containing one or more electron guns and a fluorescent screen used to view images.
In this test, a spot of light (ball) is to be maintained in the center of two concentric squares.
The spot of light, if left, moves across randomly all over the screen. Also, there are two lights, yellow and red which come up in the top left and top right corners of the screen intermittently.
The candidate is asked to fly along the chartered path keeping the light which represents the aircraft on the monitor, on the chartered path.
The devices needed to control the spot are as follow :
- Hand Operated Stick This stick controls the movement of the stick in up and down direction. It is of the shape of the gear-changer in cars.
- Foot Pedals The operation of the pedals moves the spot of light (ball) to right or left.
- Light Lever A hand lever is provided which when moved forward puts off the red light and when backward puts off yellow light.
- Beep Button A button on the top of the stick is used for putting off the beep sound in the headphones.
3. Control Velocity Test or Drum Test :
In this test, control motor skills of the candidate are tested. In this test, a spot of light (red) is to be superimposed on a series of yellow lights running on the screen from top to bottom.
Whenever there is a successful superimposing, there is a small beep in the headphone.
The more times you succeed in superimposing the red ball on the yellow balls, the more points you get.
In this test, candidates are required to maintain flight under normal and also in turbulent weather conditions like when the velocity of the wind disturbs the flight trajectory and even if the wind causes the flight to lose height suddenly.
Thus, these tests are conducted to know the aptitude of the candidates in controlling the flight at different weather conditions.